Essay rivers bangladesh

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Key elements of the delta planning process include the conduct of baseline studies, the outlining of a delta vision and scenarios, the creation of a delta framework for delta governance, the iterative selection of delta strategies, the formulation of an investment plan and a program for capacity building. The formulation of the plan was led by the General Economics Division of the Ministry of Planning, and is supported by the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

Technical assistance was provided through the BanDuDeltAS consortium, bringing together cross-sectoral expertise from the Netherlands and Bangladesh. Since , a consortium, with support from the Netherlands, is working on a project to support the implementation of Bangladesh Delta Plan. What are you looking for? Main navigation Expertise The unique expertise the Dutch water sector has to offer News The latest news, interviews, cases, and more Events Meet us at upcoming events About us About this website and the Dutch water sector.

Let's collaborate. India Pollution. Amsterdam Innovation Automation. In the Sadar subdivision, however, the general slope of the country is from west to east, and the main rivers fall into the Hurasagar , a tributary of the Jamuna. Excepting the Ganges or the Padma , the Mahananda and the Atrai , the rivers of Rajshahi district are of little hydrographic importance. For, most of the rivers are more or less moribund, that is, they are not active flowing streams except during the rainy season. During the rainy season these moribund rivers act as excellent drainage channels draining off a large volume of water and have a considerable current.

Most of these rivers are narrow and flow in well-defined channels. Tangail District is flanked on the west by the mighty river Jamuna , which is nowhere less than 4 miles wide during the rainy season. The Dhaleshwari , first an old channel of the Ganges and then of the Brahmaputra , cuts across the south-western corner of the district on its powerful sweep to join the Meghna near Narayanganj. The old name of Dhaleshwari was "Gajghata". It used to flow afterwards by the Salimabad Channel and then at last by Porabari Channel. A part of the eastern boundary of the district runs close to the Banar River.

The river Bangshi flows almost down the middle of the district, branching out from the old Brahmaputta to the north from near Jamalpur. Bangshi falls into Dhaleswari near Savar, in Dhaka district. The Bangshi forms a natural barrier to the Madhupur Jungle on the Tangail side, all the way from Madhupur to Mirzapur. It is fordable at only two or three places near Basail on its my to river Meghna. Dhaleswari itself however takes out from the Jamuna from inside Tangail district. Among other important rivers of the district, Lohajang is worth mentioning.

It flows past the district headquarters of Tangail and is almost dead at present in moribund condition. Other rivers are Khiru , Nanglai , Atia , and Jhinai.

The old Brahmaputra's most important offshoot is the Jhinai; striking off near Jamalpur it rejoins the Jamuna north of Sarishabari, while another branch flows past Gopalpur. Now these sub-systems of rivers, viz, Bangshi and Banar, and the Lohajang, Khiru, Nangtai, Atia and Jhinai are all dying out because of the shift of the old Brahmaputra river from its former channel to the present Jamuna channel.

The Hungry Rivers, photo essay by Mohammad Nazmul Hassan Bhuiyan on PRIVATE Photo Review

The most important question in connection with the river system of Tangail vis-a-vis Mymensingh district is when and why the Brahmaputra River changed its main old channel. During the last years or so, this diversion of the old Brahmaputra to its present Jamuna channel has considerably prompted the geographers and geologists to enquire deep into it. Two theories are advanced: As explanation of the diversion, one theory describes the gradua1 uplift of the Madhupur Tract and a final trigger action of the Teesta diversion in as the chief factor; and the other theory states that the Brahmaputra diversion resulted directly from a major increase in its volume of water due to beheading of the Tsangpo river of Tibet by Dihang, a tributary of the then small Brahmaputral.

It has now been proved that the great Tibetan river Tsangpo joined the Brahmaputra about and this accession was more important than the Teesta floods in deciding the Brahmaputra to try a shorter way to the sea. With the help of Major James Rennell 's maps to and of the Revenue Survey it is possible to reconstruct the history of the Bengal Delta and its river systems. It was Rennell who carried out the first ever accurate cadastral surveys and laid the basis for the geographical study of Bengal.

At the end of the 18th century, probably as a result of the great Tista floods in , the Brahmaputra changed its course and joined the Padma at Goulundo. No piece-meal study of an intricate river system is possible, without distortion and inadequacy. Even though we assume that the change in the course of the main waters of the old Brahmaputra took place suddenly in , the year of the famous flooding of the Teesta river, the Teesta has been always a wandering river, sometimes joining the Ganges, sometimes being shifted outwards by the superior strength of the river Ganges and forced to join the Brahmaputra at last.

Whatever might have been the cause, by , the diversion of old Brahmaputra was complete, ushering in a gradual but radical change in the river system of the Tangail district. The old channel of the Brahmaputra had been reduced to its present insignificance.

In Sir Joseph Hooker wrote "we are surprised to hear that within the last 20 years the main channel of Brahmaputra had shifted its course westwards, its eastern channel silted up so rapidly that the Jamuna eventually became the principal stream. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Retrieved 13 April Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh. Retrieved 12 October The strategies, approach, and positioning of those forts were governed by the contextual specification.

Rivers of Bangladesh – Essay, Paragraph, Composition

All different forts of Mughals Empire had unusual notion of accomplishment. Fort architecture in the subcontinent was initially developed by the Mughals to protect the territory from the enemy. Later, those forts became huge and complex. The planning approach and the morphology of the fort architecture were justified according to the relative factor. The Mughal Fort is a Medieval-era building. Building Walls is a prerequisite to settle the Mughal Fort.

The Mughals were concern about environment. Mughals ruled most of the subcontinent until the midth. During their rule they constructed elaborate forts across the countryside which served as administrative centers and living quarters for the occupiers.

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Bengal became a province of the Mughal Empire and was ruled from Delhi by the governors of Bengal Bengali river fort experienced lots of local and traditional influences only for being the river fort, stating from the component, elements of forts, and formal profile as well. Undoubtedly, Bengal conceived a different kind of river oriented fort, which has distinct characters. Even in the case of this fort formation, the Mughal had some strategic planning and morphology for spread city beyond the fort wall. The objective of the research is solely to identify distinguished characteristics and context specification and to analyze the morphology of the four-river fort architecture of East Bengal Bangladesh.

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Ahmed, A. Mosque architecture in Bangladesh pp.